Roth IRAs

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(For 2017 Contribution Limits, click here.) 

An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) is a convenient way for all working people to save for their retirement. You pay taxes on the money you contribute to your Roth IRA, but the money you save grows tax-free, and you do not pay taxes on withdrawals in retirement. This is different from a Traditional IRA, which is a tax-deferred account; you pay taxes when you withdraw money. Roth IRA contributions are limited by income level. If your income is above those limits, you can only contribute to a Traditional IRA. You can open a Roth IRA even if you participate in an employer-sponsored retirement plan.

Contribution Limits for 2018:

If You Are UNDER
50 Years Old
If You Are OVER
50 Years Old


• Married couples can put in double the individual amount each year.
• You can put in less if you cannot afford the full amount. The important thing is to start saving.
• The deadline for the annual contribution is April 15th of the following year, though the earnings will accrue more quickly if you contribute earlier.

Income-Based Contribution Limits for 2018:

Based on your adjusted gross income (AGI), you may be able to only make reduced contributions. Your AGI is your gross taxable income, minus certain "adjustments" like alimony payments, child support, etc.

If your filing status is...

And your modified AGI is...

Then you can contribute...

married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er)

< $189,000

up to the limit

> $189,000 but < $199,000

a reduced amount

> $199,000


married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year

< $10,000

a reduced amount

> $10,000


single, head of household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year

< $120,000

up to the limit

> $120,000 but < $135,000

a reduced amount

> $135,000



Other Features of the Roth IRA: 

  • You can withdraw contributions and earnings at age 59½ with no federal tax or penalty, provided you opened your account at least 5 years prior.
  • If you are less than 59½, you can make tax-free and penalty-free withdrawals 5 years after opening your account for certain medical expenses, higher education expenses or to buy your first home.
  • You can make contributions to a Roth if you continue to work in retirement as long as you stay within the income limits. Traditional IRAs do not allow contributions after age 70 ½.
  • There are no mandatory withdrawals. Traditional IRAs require withdrawals beginning at age 70 ½


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